Salzburg (literally Salt Fortress), the fourth biggest city in Austria and the capital of the federal state of Salzburg, is lying on the banks of the Salzbach River. Salzburg Old City has been listed as the UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1997.
These count among Salzburg’s famous sights:
Hohensalzburg Fortress (Festung Hohensalzburg)
Built in 1077, it is the largest fully preserved fortress in central Europe. In the 15th century, while Archbishop Leonhard von Keutschach lived within its walls, it was enlarged for the last time. This wonderful piece of architecture, lying atop the Festungsberg mountain, hasn’t changed much since his times. The symbol of the fortress is a lion holding a beetroot between his paws.
Mozart’s Birthplace (Mozart Geburtshaus)
One of the most famous citizens of Salzburg is without a doubt Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, the celebrated composer. He was born in the Hagenauer House in 1756. Nowadays, the house is open to visitors; exhibition includes Mozart’s musical instruments, family portraits and letters etc.
If you are interested in Mozart’s life, you can also visit the residence where he and his family lived, called the Tanzmeisterhaus (dancing master’s house). It is situated at 8 Makartplatz, and the Mozart family lived there for 14 years, since 1773.
Hellbrunn Palace (Schloss Hellbrunn)
The Renaissance villa inspired by Italian architecture was built on the request of Prince Archbishop Markus Sittikus von Hohenems. The construction lasted six years and finished in 1619. In the complex, you can find Lustschloss (“pleasure palace”) with its spacious park and the unique Wasserspiele (trick fountains). Many are hidden in the trees and shades and jet out unexpectedly, even to visitors’ faces.
Natural History Museum (Haus der Natur)
This complex houses many wonderful exhibitions. Its Aquarium is the most beautiful aquarium in central Europe, boasting fish of the Mediterranean, the Amazon and local waters. If you are a lover of animals, visit the reptile zoo – see poisonous snakes from all over the world, turtles, or even Mississippi alligators. You can also visit other exhibitions, such as the dinosaur hall, the world of crystal, the space show, the human body exhibition, the Salzbach lifeline, sea world and the science centre.